Leadership

LEADERSHIP

Canadians select MPs to represent them in Ottawa. At the same time, they look to these political leaders to make decisions to move the country forward. How well do political leaders and their parties fulfill the roles Canadians expect from them? As well, how well do MPs reflect the demographic makeup of the Canadian population and, by extension, help Canadians see themselves reflected in their government?

PARTICIPATION KEY FINDINGS

  • Canadians’ satisfaction with the performance of elected leaders and parties went up.
  • While Cabinet is very reflective of the Canadian population, there are still opportunities for diversifying representation of Canadians in the House of Commons.

Diversity in the House of Commons

A score out of 100 that reflects the average of how well five different Canadian demographic groups are reflected in the makeup of the House of Commons.

Click on the chart to compare with 2015

Why this indicator matters: For Canadians to believe politics matters, they need to see themselves represented in the make-up of the House of Commons. It is possible that a parliament made up of MPs of diverse backgrounds will be better suited to understanding the specific needs and concerns of Canada’s diverse population. Perhaps if Canadians see themselves in the system, they might be more likely to participate.

Click on the seating charts to compare with the makeup of Canada

There’s work to be done if we aspire to a House that better reflects the diverse demographic makeup of Canada.



Source:
Parliament of Canada data compared to Statistics Canada 2011 census data

Trust in and Satisfaction with Political Leaders

Trust in MPs

The percentage of Canadians who trust MPs “a great deal” or “a fair amount” to do what’s right.

Click on the charts to compare with 2015

Tap or hover over region to view percentage

Alberta Atlantic British Columbia North Ontario Quebec Sask-Man

View percentages for all regions

Alberta:
40%
Atlantic:
49%
BC:
42%
North:
DATA NOT AVAILABLE
Man/
Sask:
44%
Ontario:
45%
Quebec:
55%
Trust in parties

The percentage of Canadians who trust parties “a great deal” or “a fair amount” to do what’s right.

Tap or hover over region to view percentage

Alberta Atlantic British Columbia North Ontario Quebec Sask-Man

View percentages for all regions

Alberta:
42%
Atlantic:
49%
BC:
41%
North:
DATA NOT AVAILABLE
Man/
Sask:
44%
Ontario:
44%
Quebec:
58%
Satisfaction with MPs

The percentage of Canadians who are “very” or “fairly” satisfied with how MPs are doing their jobs.

Click on the charts to compare with 2015

Tap or hover over region to view percentage

Alberta Atlantic British Columbia North Ontario Quebec Sask-Man

View percentages for all regions

Alberta:
45%
Atlantic:
60%
BC:
49%
North:
DATA NOT AVAILABLE
Man/
Sask:
51%
Ontario:
53%
Quebec:
56%
Satisfaction with Political parties

Tap or hover over region to view percentage

Alberta Atlantic British Columbia North Ontario Quebec Sask-Man

View percentages for all regions

Alberta:
43%
Atlantic:
57%
BC:
50%
North:
DATA NOT AVAILABLE
Man/
Sask:
52%
Ontario:
49%
Quebec:
50%
Why these indicators matter: If public levels of trust in MPs and their organizing bodies—parties—remains low, the legitimacy of government is undermined. And decisions taken by government will be difficult to implement and possibly even ignored. One measure of how well parties and MPs are doing their jobs is the satisfaction of the Canadian public.

Source: 2016 Samara Citizens’ Survey

MPs Are Influential

The percentage of Canadians who “agree” or “strongly agree” that the work and decisions of Members of Parliament can influence the direction of the country.

Click on the chart to compare with 2015

Why this indicator matters: Politics is how we make decisions together. In a representative democracy, we elect MPs to consider those decisions on behalf of citizens to set the direction of the country.

Tap or hover over region to view percentage

Alberta Atlantic British Columbia North Ontario Quebec Sask-Man

View percentages for all regions

Alberta:
61%
Atlantic:
52%
BC:
55%
North:
DATA NOT AVAILABLE
Man/
Sask:
56%
Ontario:
53%
Quebec:
54%

Parties Only Want Votes

The percentage of Canadians who answered “agree” or “strongly agree” that candidates and parties only want their vote.

Click on the chart to compare with 2015

Why this indicator matters: This measurement assesses whether people feel political parties genuinely seek to involve Canadians in politics, and promote a fuller and deeper conversation about political issues in this country.

Tap or hover over region to view percentage

Alberta Atlantic British Columbia North Ontario Quebec Sask-Man

View percentages for all regions

Alberta:
62%
Atlantic:
55%
BC:
63%
North:
DATA NOT AVAILABLE
Man/
Sask:
56%
Ontario:
60%
Quebec:
58%

MPs’ Job Performance Reviews

The average percentage grade that Canadians gave Members of Parliament on six core jobs that focus on representation, accountability and legislation.

Click on the charts to compare with 2015

Why this indicator matters: Through elections Canadians hire and fire MPs as their representatives in Ottawa. This indicator gives Canadians a chance to weigh in on MPs’ job performance between the elections by awarding them grades on each of their jobs.

Tap or hover over region to view percentage

Alberta Atlantic British Columbia North Ontario Quebec Sask-Man

View percentages for all regions

Alberta:
53%
Atlantic:
54%
BC:
52%
North:
DATA NOT AVAILABLE
Man/
Sask:
53%
Ontario:
54%
Quebec:
57%
Representation

Representing the views
of people in their riding

%
53 45

Representing the views
of their parties

%
63 57

Helping people in
their ridings

%
53 46
Accountability

Holding government to account

%
50 42
Legislation

Debating and voting on issues
in the House of Commons

%
56 48

Explaining decisions
made in Parliament

%
50 43

Political Parties' Job Performance Reviews

The average percentage grade that Canadians gave political parties on six core jobs that focus on elections, engagement and policy development.

Click on the charts to compare with 2015

Why this indicator matters: Political parties dominate Canadians’ understanding of politics. Partisan debate often frames the news coverage out of Ottawa, and most Canadians consider party and leader preferences when casting a ballot. After the election is over, parties affect and direct how governments form and legislatures function.

Tap or hover over region to view percentage

Alberta Atlantic British Columbia North Ontario Quebec Sask-Man

View percentages for all regions

Alberta:
54%
Atlantic:
57%
BC:
55%
North:
DATA NOT AVAILABLE
Man/
Sask:
57%
Ontario:
57%
Quebec:
59%
Elections

Recruiting candidates and
competing in elections

%
57 50

Encouraging
people to vote

%
66 55
Engagement

Hearing ideas from party
members

%
55 47

Reaching out to Canadians so
their views can be heard

%
53 42
Policy

Coming up with new policy
ideas and solutions

%
53 44

Explaining what the
party stands for

%
57 48

CANADA'S LETTER GRADE